Mongolian capital city Ulaanbaatar represents the symbol of Mongol state independence, the struggle for being separated country, and it provides the history of political, economic and religious centre of an independent country.
Foundation of Ulaanbaatar was noted on books since 1649, called Ikh Khuree. Ikh Khuree moved to the Selbe river valley and settled on the site of present Ulaanbaatar in . In the 19th century Ikh Khuree was not only a religious place, it was growing into a bigger town for serving as an important political, and cultural, and a big point of trading center. At that period, its population considered to be around 15-20 thousand. Near the end of 19th century Ikh Khuree began to be a main point of religion, politics, and trade center.
As Nomadic tribe, first centralization was located near by Tuul river after over 20 times movement. In the history Mongolian capital city Ulaanbaatar was changed its name over 5 times.
When capital city of Mongolia was renamed as the city of Ulaanbaatar and announced the official capital of an ‘independent’ Mongolia. In 1933 Ulaanbaatar gained autonomy and separated from the surrounding center province.
Mongolian first democratic party election taken place in Mongolia in summer of 1990, which was in the first permanent multi-party Parliament. The new Parliament adopted a new Constitution of Mongolia (4th) in 1992, states: “Ulaanbaatar is the Capital city of Mongolia”.